YOUR HORSE HEALTH - AMERICA'S QUARTER HORSE
ENERGY NEEDS - Energy Needs Of Horses Vital To Sound Feeding Management
FEEDING HORSES CORRECTLY - Understanding Energy Key Part Of Feeding Horses Correctly
COLD WEATHER STRESS - Combat Cold Weather Nutritional Stress In Horses
CREEP FEEDINF FOALS- Creep Feeding Provides Needed Nutrients to Nursing Foals
FOAL PREPARATION- Horse Manager Should Prepare For Foaling Weeks in Advance
FESCUE TOXICOSIS - New Drug May Help Horse Owners Fight Fescue Problems
ALTERING COMMERCIAL GRAIN- Forethought Key Ingredient When Altering Commercial Grain
REMOVAL FROM FESCUE - Broodmare Removal From Fescue Helps Protect Owner Investment
MOLDY FEEDSTUFFS- Ingestion of Moldy Feedstuffs Can Lead to Fumonisin Toxicity in Horses
HEAT STRESS- Symptoms Give Warning of Heat Stress in Horses
COOL-DOWN - Cool-Down Periods Important To Horses After Physical Exertion
SHOWING - Horses Need Special Attention at Shows
HORSE MATH - Mathematics Can Assist Evaluation Of Horse Breeding Activity
HORSE WARM UP - Warming Up Horses Before Competition Good Practice
PROTECTING HORSE INVESTMENT - Fall Checks Needed To Protect Horse Breeder Investment
SOUND GROWTH - Individual Management Key Part Of Sound Horse Growth
OSU's WED SITE - Internet Surfers Riding High On OSU's Electronic Horse Pages
AGED HORSES - Aged Horses Have Special Needs
DENTAL CHECKS - Remember Benefits Of Dental Checkup For Your Horse
BROODMARE ESTRUS PROGRAM - November Time to Begin Broodmare Estrus Program
BREEDING EFFICIENCY- Breeding Efficiency Key Part of Mare Management
WEANLING HORSES - Weanling Horses Need Individually Designed Exercise Programs
HORSE PHYSIOLOGY - Knowledge of Horse Physiology Helps Protect Equine Health
HEATED BARNES - Improperly Heated Barns May Cause Horse Health Problems
COLIC - Too-Rapid Change in Horse Rations Can Cause Colic
FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT- Financial Management Vital To Small Horse Operations
INDIVIUAL MANAGEMENT - Individual Management Key Part of Sound Horse Growth
VITAL SIGNS Owner Should Remember Normal Vital Signs For A Horse
HEAT STRESS -Symptoms Give Warning of Heat Stress in Horses
OSU STUDY Indicates State Horse Racing Industry's Effect
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Horses are to be found as stallions, mares or geldings;
Also called studs, which are whole, non-castrated males. Stallions are seldom used as working saddle horses, although some studs DO make fine WORKING horses...... And in Our live are our favorites .... A genital stallion is hard to find, a stallion with temperament of a gelding is so very hard to fine ... But it is not all up to the way he is bred, but also the way he is raised and handled thought out his life.
HOWEVER, it takes the right stud and the right handler to make a dependable work team. So do not just attempt to keep a stallion just because you can, ... WRONG!. As a general rule, and especially in this modern day, a stallion has but one job and one goal, and that was making foals. This is because a stud horse can be rather high-strung and unpleasant around other horses, forever wanting to either fight or make love. This of course could be very dangerous and injurious to other horses, or even other riders. Under saddle, even with a good rider, a stud can be just a pain in the butt and a handful. If there is a mare in season, his mind may drop you on your butt. Or, he may spend the day prancing and snorting and trying to show all the other horses what a bad dude he is wearing out himself and his rider. Furthermore, in a day when horses were the power behind most transportation, a stallion would often be unwelcome company. Too many people and livery stables simply would not want to risk the trouble of a fractious stud horse among their other animals. Again, there ARE quiet, well-mannered, even-tempered stallions out there. Yet the workaday, dependable horse of the Old West remains ... the gelding. But we enjoy the Stallion for the high drive, and endurance they possess. A seasoned handler can make a Stallion act like a gelding with out any problems. but again it takes the right handler/trainer. If you are not a seasoned horsewomen or horseman do not attempted to handle a stallion with other horses.
A castrated male horse, of any age. These were and are the standard work horse of the the old West and modern day, generally not ruled by mating urges or fighting instincts. However, occasionally you will find a gelding that will mount a mare in season, and some that just plain act "studdy." These latter types may have been gelded fairly late in life, retaining stud-like behaviors and attitudes, which is a condition known as "proud gelded." .... When I was 6 years old my first horse was "Mr. Jim Danny" he was truly proud cut, and in his case meaning the Doc did not get both nuts! Oops! A young girl in 1966 my brother, Jim worked hard at a farm, as a mechanic in Maple Valley to buy me a horse. As a total surprise for me, He worked out a deal with the framer and got our parents okay to buy me a gorgeous Appaloosa gelding... Or so they all thought a gelding. Later during the spring after riding Jim Dandy for months I found out he was proud cut. We Lived within walking distance to the pipe line in Maple Valley Washington. Maple Valley, had many farmers all around that let their horses run free. Everyone enjoyed this including our family the old man down the road would give a call to let our father know he was turning the stock loose.
Proud gelded, Gelded very late in life and acted like a Stud, but then forgets or don't have what it takes to do the job..... All talk no action ! Acting studdy...
Proud cut ...meaning when he was castrated, sometimes not all of the testicle was removed, leaving some, which indeed can still produce excessive amounts of testosterone & stallion-like behavior like that. Or, he might be what's called a "cryptorchid," meaning there is still a testicle inside his body that never dropped into the scrotum. somewhat like a dog that is cyptorchid so all you dog people will understand that one if not get out to the show ring.
The female of the species. In the Old West, mares were usually reserved for breeding purposes, and occasionally as a ladies' riding animal. Mares were not traditionally used for work or riding animals, for several reasons. One, mares can be distracting to other horses, given that they come into season about once a month or so, from spring through fall. This can and does create disruptive behaviors among the other saddle stock... even geldings. Two, as the mare comes into heat she can become highly irritable and restless around other horses, and unpleasant to work with. Worse case PMS you ever seen or experience. Thus one of the reasons we Victorino's preferred Stallions we know when they will act up with a mare you never know.
Not all mares do this, but many do. Three, geldings can become so firmly bonded to a single mare, that if she strays during the night ... the entire herd goes with her, unlike if a couple geldings were to wander off. This would be disastrous on a trail drive. Thus, although not all mares show cranky estrus cycles, and not all mares disrupt herds of geldings, it was a general rule that mares were not the favored work animal. Arabs felt exactly the opposite, and preferred to ride mares above all other choices.
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In wild horse herds, an older, dominant mare will be the actual boss of the band. The stud seeks mainly to keep other males from breeding them. The boss mare is the one who decides when and where the herd will move, with the stud following. Stallions may come and go, as battles for supremacy change the herd hierarchy, but the mares remain together, and will follow the matriarch, often for years. This pattern remains useful to stock users who travel with mules, and who may keep one reliable, proven bell mare as a "magnet" to keep their animals together. In the old days, the mare was usually not ridden, but was sometimes used as a pack animal.
A young male horse is a colt. (If not castrated, it is a stud colt.)
A young female horse is a filly.
A baby of either gender is a foal.
A mare is a female, while the word "horse" was almost exclusively used to mean a male horse, a gelding. Thus; "Was he riding a red horse?" "No, he was riding a red mare."
Oddly enough, however, "horsing" is a term used to describe a mare's behavior, when she is in heat.
HOW DOES A HORSE TRAVEL?
Generally speaking, a horse moves at a walk, a trot, a lope, and a gallop. A lope is the Western term for "canter," which is an English/eastern term. The lope is an easy, 3-beat gait which the horse can maintain for a pretty fair distance. A gallop is a full-out run, and a horse cannot maintain that for more than a couple miles or so, before becoming winded. A trot is the equivalent of a marathon runner's long-distance pace. A fit, strong horse can maintain a good trot for many miles, under a knowing rider. A slower pace is the jog, which is a bouncing, easy little gait between a walk and a full trot. Well... normally it's easy. If the horse is all wound up about something, it becomes jigging, not jogging, and that will beat you up like a tether ball, as you struggle to keep him at a slower pace. In rough country, a rider must match his horse's ability, strength, and agility with the terrain. Going uphill, a horse will of course slow down, having to propel both his weight and his rider's upwards. (Although some horses will lunge faster to get up short hills.) Going downhill... well, surely you saw the Man From Snowy River! Unlike in the movies, horses cannot go like hell, indefinitely. Yes, they can go farther faster, but just like you and me, they do need to catch their breath, they need to rest, they need to cool down and get a good drink of water. Three days of hard riding and poor care will knock visible pounds off a horse. A week of that, and he won't even look like the same animal. Good husbandry is the secret to keeping a horse in shape for a long, productive life.